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水素の実用例

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国連によれば、気候変動は私たちの世代にとって最大の課題であり、NASA はこれを今日私たちが直面している最も複雑な問題の一つだと考えています。

この記事はもともとに登場しました H2 ビュー、2019 年 9 月印刷版

によると、気候変動はこの世代の決定的な課題です。 国連、そして今日私たちが直面している最も複雑な問題の 1 つは、 NASA。従来のエネルギー生産と消費パターンと密接に関係しているため、エネルギー部門が気候変動に関する議論の中心であることは言うまでもありません。エネルギー部門は、私たちの現代生活に動力を与え、国家を繁栄に導く重要な供給源であると同時に、世界の最大の温室効果ガス排出源でもあると報告書は述べています。 国際エネルギー機関.なので、その影響で いつものようにビジネス 世界規模の範囲と前例のないリスクを抱えている今こそ、長期的な構造変化をどのように実行し、世界的なエネルギー転換を促進するために必要な大規模な投資を可能にするかを集団で再考する時期にあることは明らかです。

In the transition to a sustainable energy future, there is now international consensus that hydrogen will play a key role. Hydrogen has entered mainstream discussions in major fora globally. This year’s 日本のG20サミットは水素に重点を置いていた. It was here that a new International Energy Agency レポート、水素の未来、  was launched, concluding that the time is right to tap into hydrogen’s potential. In addition, recent analyses by ブルームバーグ・ニュー・エナジー・ファイナンス  と ロッキーマウンテン研究所  predict that the cost of producing hydrogen gas with renewables is likely to drop dramatically in the coming decades, contributing to the growth of the hydrogen market and making the technology even more accessible. Hydrogen has enormous potential to be one of the game changers we need in the energy sector – the technology to harness cleaner power through this abundant element is here.

Hydrogen will need to complement other solutions in the energy mix, including renewables, other clean fuels and electrification – but it is incredibly versatile, able to be used as a fuel for power or in industry, and able to help us decarbonise major sectors such as transport, steel, aviation and building heat. To put this into context, 2050年までに, hydrogen could meet 18% of the world’s final energy demands, preventing 6 Gt of CO2 emissions compared to today’s technologies. Most importantly, hydrogen generates zero emissions at the point of use, allowing for long-term energy storage, and able to be produced from renewable electricity or with low emissions profiles from hydrocarbons when coupled with carbon capture and storage (CCS).

Industry has been developing innovative hydrogen solutions for decades and is now poised to deliver: solutions are ready to deploy at scale. Where in the past only a limited number of pioneering states and industry players have stood somewhat alone, governments all over the world are now recognising hydrogen as critical to reaching their energy and climate targets and are rolling out long-term hydrogen strategies to accelerate its deployment. From Germany to Australia to Korea, in 2019 there are 50以上 strategies and targets now set in place to support hydrogen development.

Global cooperation is already producing large-scale hydrogen projects, and inspiring further action and collaboration; yet to realise the hydrogen economy which will lay the foundations for a new energy system, we need smart investments and innovative financing to scale up and mass deploy hydrogen technologies. Not only is there a compelling environmental case for action, but the economic case is also robust. The recent 水素協議会の研究 – Hydrogen Scaling Up shows that a $2.5 trillion market is waiting to be unlocked by 2050 once hydrogen is deployed at scale.

No one country or company alone has the financing, technology or policies to start a global energy revolution; but there is a clear, urgent need to unlock the large-scale investment required to empower the global energy transition now. We simply need to have the vision and foresight to seize the opportunities for a clean, secure and affordable energy future. 

-エア・リキード・グループの水素エネルギー担当バイスプレジデント兼水素協議会共同幹事のピエール・エティエンヌ・フラン氏

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