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氢气在行动

抓住氢气的机遇

联合国认为,气候变化是我们这一代人面临的最大挑战,而美国宇航局则认为这是我们当今面临的最复杂的问题之一。

这篇文章最初出现在 H2 视图, 2019 年 9 月印刷版

气候变化是这一代人面临的决定性挑战 联合国,以及我们今天面临的最复杂的问题之一,如果你问的话 美国国家航空航天局。能源行业与传统能源生产和消费模式有着千丝万缕的联系,不言而喻,它是气候辩论的核心。能源部门是为我们现代生活提供动力、推动国家走向繁荣的重要来源,但它也是全球温室气体排放的最大来源。 国际能源署.所以,随着影响 照常营业 由于具有全球范围和前所未有的风险,显然现在是我们集体重新思考如何实施长期结构性变革并释放推动全球能源转型所需的大规模投资的时候了。

In the transition to a sustainable energy future, there is now international consensus that hydrogen will play a key role. Hydrogen has entered mainstream discussions in major fora globally. This year’s 日本G20峰会高度关注氢. It was here that a new International Energy Agency 报告,氢的未来,  was launched, concluding that the time is right to tap into hydrogen’s potential. In addition, recent analyses by 彭博新能源财经  和 落基山研究所  predict that the cost of producing hydrogen gas with renewables is likely to drop dramatically in the coming decades, contributing to the growth of the hydrogen market and making the technology even more accessible. Hydrogen has enormous potential to be one of the game changers we need in the energy sector – the technology to harness cleaner power through this abundant element is here.

Hydrogen will need to complement other solutions in the energy mix, including renewables, other clean fuels and electrification – but it is incredibly versatile, able to be used as a fuel for power or in industry, and able to help us decarbonise major sectors such as transport, steel, aviation and building heat. To put this into context, 到 2050 年, hydrogen could meet 18% of the world’s final energy demands, preventing 6 Gt of CO2 emissions compared to today’s technologies. Most importantly, hydrogen generates zero emissions at the point of use, allowing for long-term energy storage, and able to be produced from renewable electricity or with low emissions profiles from hydrocarbons when coupled with carbon capture and storage (CCS).

Industry has been developing innovative hydrogen solutions for decades and is now poised to deliver: solutions are ready to deploy at scale. Where in the past only a limited number of pioneering states and industry players have stood somewhat alone, governments all over the world are now recognising hydrogen as critical to reaching their energy and climate targets and are rolling out long-term hydrogen strategies to accelerate its deployment. From Germany to Australia to Korea, in 2019 there are 超过 50 strategies and targets now set in place to support hydrogen development.

Global cooperation is already producing large-scale hydrogen projects, and inspiring further action and collaboration; yet to realise the hydrogen economy which will lay the foundations for a new energy system, we need smart investments and innovative financing to scale up and mass deploy hydrogen technologies. Not only is there a compelling environmental case for action, but the economic case is also robust. The recent 氢能委员会研究—— Hydrogen Scaling Up shows that a $2.5 trillion market is waiting to be unlocked by 2050 once hydrogen is deployed at scale.

No one country or company alone has the financing, technology or policies to start a global energy revolution; but there is a clear, urgent need to unlock the large-scale investment required to empower the global energy transition now. We simply need to have the vision and foresight to seize the opportunities for a clean, secure and affordable energy future. 

- Pierre-Etienne Franc,液化空气集团氢能副总裁兼氢能委员会联合秘书

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