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Según las Naciones Unidas, el cambio climático es el principal desafío de nuestra generación, mientras que la NASA lo considera uno de los problemas más complejos que enfrentamos hoy.

Este artículo apareció originalmente en Vista H2, edición impresa de septiembre de 2019

El cambio climático es el desafío definitorio de esta generación, según el Naciones Unidas, y uno de los problemas más complejos que enfrentamos hoy en día, si preguntan NASA. Inextricablemente vinculado a los patrones tradicionales de producción y consumo de energía, no hace falta decir que el sector energético está en el centro del debate sobre el clima. El sector energético es la fuente vital que impulsa nuestras vidas modernas y lleva a las naciones a la prosperidad, pero también es la mayor fuente de emisiones globales de gases de efecto invernadero, según el Agencia Internacional de Energía. Entonces, con el impacto de lo de siempre Al tener un alcance global y riesgos sin precedentes, está claro que ahora es el momento de repensar colectivamente cómo podemos implementar el cambio estructural a largo plazo y desbloquear la inversión a gran escala necesaria para potenciar la transición energética global.

In the transition to a sustainable energy future, there is now international consensus that hydrogen will play a key role. Hydrogen has entered mainstream discussions in major fora globally. This year’s La cumbre del G20 en Japón tuvo un fuerte enfoque en el hidrógeno. It was here that a new International Energy Agency informe, El futuro del hidrógeno,  was launched, concluding that the time is right to tap into hydrogen’s potential. In addition, recent analyses by Finanzas de nueva energía de Bloomberg  y Instituto de las Montañas Rocosas  predict that the cost of producing hydrogen gas with renewables is likely to drop dramatically in the coming decades, contributing to the growth of the hydrogen market and making the technology even more accessible. Hydrogen has enormous potential to be one of the game changers we need in the energy sector – the technology to harness cleaner power through this abundant element is here.

Hydrogen will need to complement other solutions in the energy mix, including renewables, other clean fuels and electrification – but it is incredibly versatile, able to be used as a fuel for power or in industry, and able to help us decarbonise major sectors such as transport, steel, aviation and building heat. To put this into context, para 2050, hydrogen could meet 18% of the world’s final energy demands, preventing 6 Gt of CO2 emissions compared to today’s technologies. Most importantly, hydrogen generates zero emissions at the point of use, allowing for long-term energy storage, and able to be produced from renewable electricity or with low emissions profiles from hydrocarbons when coupled with carbon capture and storage (CCS).

Industry has been developing innovative hydrogen solutions for decades and is now poised to deliver: solutions are ready to deploy at scale. Where in the past only a limited number of pioneering states and industry players have stood somewhat alone, governments all over the world are now recognising hydrogen as critical to reaching their energy and climate targets and are rolling out long-term hydrogen strategies to accelerate its deployment. From Germany to Australia to Korea, in 2019 there are mas de 50 strategies and targets now set in place to support hydrogen development.

Global cooperation is already producing large-scale hydrogen projects, and inspiring further action and collaboration; yet to realise the hydrogen economy which will lay the foundations for a new energy system, we need smart investments and innovative financing to scale up and mass deploy hydrogen technologies. Not only is there a compelling environmental case for action, but the economic case is also robust. The recent Estudio del Consejo de Hidrógeno – Hydrogen Scaling Up shows that a $2.5 trillion market is waiting to be unlocked by 2050 once hydrogen is deployed at scale.

No one country or company alone has the financing, technology or policies to start a global energy revolution; but there is a clear, urgent need to unlock the large-scale investment required to empower the global energy transition now. We simply need to have the vision and foresight to seize the opportunities for a clean, secure and affordable energy future. 

-Pierre-Etienne Franc, vicepresidente de energía de hidrógeno en Air Liquide Group y cosecretario del Consejo de Hidrógeno

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