This report entitled ‘How Hydrogen empowers the energy transition ’ – commissioned by the Hydrogen Council and announced alongisde the launch of the initiative at the World Economic Forum in January 2017 – details the future potential that hydrogen is ready to provide, and sets out the vision of the Council and the key actions it considers fundamental for policy makers to implement, to fully unlock and empower the contribution of hydrogen to the energy transition.
Paris, December 12, 2015: 195 countries sign a legally binding agreement to keep global warming well below 2°C – an ambitious goal that will require the economies around the globe to decarbonize large parts of the world’s energy system. This energy transition faces challenges. Significant amounts of renewable energy must be installed and integrated, while securing the supply and resilience of the system is demanding. Energy end-use sectors, such as transport, must be decarbonized at scale.
In this context, we are convinced that the unique contribution that hydrogen solutions offer needs to be strongly reaffirmed now. Hydrogen and fuel cell technologies have significant potential to enable this transition to a clean, low-carbon energy system. Completing this transition will result in greatly reduced greenhouse gas emissions and improved air quality.
We formed the Hydrogen Council to both underpin and leverage the enabling role of hydrogen. This partnership of 13 players from various industry and energy sectors with global reach is committed to providing guidance to accelerate and expand the deployment of hydrogen and fuel cell solutions around the world.
Hydrogen is a versatile, clean, and safe energy carrier that can be used as fuel for power or in industry as feedstock. It can be produced from (renewable) electricity and from carbon-abated fossil fuels. It produces zero emissions at point of use. It can be stored and transported at high energy density in liquid or gaseous form. It can be combusted or used in fuel cells to generate heat and electricity.
In this paper we explore the role of hydrogen in the energy transition, including its potential, recent achievements, and challenges to its deployment. We also offer recommendations to ensure that the proper conditions are developed to accelerate the deployment of hydrogen technologies, with the support of policymakers, the private sector, and society.
We, the members of the Hydrogen Council, believe in the potential of hydrogen in making the energy transition happen. In order to unleash this potential, we ask policy makers for their support to overcome existing barriers. Hydrogen technology rollout requires large-scale efforts and Council members are willing to further increase their investments. To do so, we see a stable, long-term regulatory framework, dedicated coordination and incentive policies, and initiatives to set and harmonize industry standards as essential preconditions on a political level.
We invite governments and key society stakeholders to also acknowledge the contribution of hydrogen to the energy transition and to work with us to create an effective implementation plan – so that the compelling benefits of hydrogen deployment can be reaped.